Fall Color at North Lake, west of Bishop in the Eastern Sierra of California.
Fall Color at North Lake, west of Bishop in the Eastern Sierra of California.
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Author’s Note: This article “Fall Color Aspen Leaf Beauty Along California’s Eastern Sierra Highway 395” is a stand-alone article on my website. Further coverage of this magnificent Eastern Sierra region occurs in my two main travel books on California. They are Northern California History Travel Adventures: 35 Suggested Trips and Northern California Travel: The Best Options.

By Lee Foster

If you enjoy natural beauty in California, seeing the pageant of fall color in the aspen trees along Highway 395 is a worthy pursuit. Put a visit to the eastern Sierra in early October high on your to-do list.

Fall Color at Lake Sabrina west of Bishop
Fall Color at Lake Sabrina west of Bishop

When is the best time to go? The first couple of weeks in October are generally the best. Each year is somewhat different.

What is the best single place to see the aspen? My suggestion is the Bishop Creek watershed and the three lakes west of Bishop. I try to return there every year.

You can drive to Bishop from the Bay Area via Highway 120 over Yosemite. The other main drive route is up from the Los Angeles area on Highway 395. You can also fly into Mammoth Lakes or Reno and rent a car.

The parade of annual fall color, as the aspen leaves turn to shades of glowing yellow and blazing red, draws many visitors. Fans of fall color delight their aesthetic sensibilities by gazing at the terrain along Highway 395 from roughly Bridgeport to Bishop.

Beauty of the Quaking Aspen

The tree creating fall color drama in the Eastern Sierra is the quaking aspen, Populus tremuloides. To understand the apt name, you need to stand under an aspen as a gentle wind blows and watch the leaves tremble.

Several information sources (see end of article) keep tabs on the immediate daily procession of fall color in a given year. Color changes may occur a little earlier or later each year. These online sites, especially the one managed by John Poimiroo, often show actual photos of the scene on a particular day. The site photos and data are updated by dedicated fall color fans.

Poimiroo follows the annual celebration throughout Northern California. His report runs from the Sierras to lowland vineyards in the Napa/Sonoma Valleys. You will almost certainly find some pleasing fall color in early October.

Several factors determine what fall color will be like during your visit. Altitude is one variable. The higher elevation aspens tend to turn golden first. The lower elevations usually turn later. The more northerly locations also turn a little sooner than the southerly. The north-facing cooler slopes turn later than the warmer south-facing locations.



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From Patchy to Peaking

Observers of fall color use the word “patchy” to suggest that turning has just started in an area. If the description says the site is “peaking,” then you’ll want to go there soon because conditions are optimal. If a storm has stripped the leaves off the trees, the word “sticks” is sometimes used to describe the sorry landscape. Expect some serendipity in your trip. The aspen color presentation is not always totally logical. Why some aspens turn bright red and those adjacent remain green is sometimes puzzling. It has to do with genetic aspects of certain aspen “families.”

The most accessible route for many visitors to this fall color splendor is across the Yosemite high country on Highway 120. This drive is in itself a wondrous component of the trip.

On the first weekend of a past October, my son Paul and I did a trip that parallels what many visitors do each year. We devoted Friday morning to Sunday night to the adventure. First, we drove from the Bay Area across Yosemite on 120 to Lee Vining. We left  the Bay Area at dawn and arrived Friday noon at Lee Vining. Then we planned to chase the beauty of fall color along Highway 395 through Sunday afternoon. Finally, we were prepared, as hunters of fall color, to be surprised with what we would discover.

Foliage Country Along Highway 395

Friday proved to be the “appetizer” course as we entered the foliage country at Lee Vining. Saturday was the “entre course” as we spent the entire day west of Bishop along Bishop Creek. Sunday was the “dessert” course as we returned to the Bay Area.

Fall Color at North Lake, west of Bishop in the Eastern Sierra of California.
Fall Color at North Lake, west of Bishop in the Eastern Sierra of California.

On Friday, we turned north at Lee Vining to the great viewing site along Highway 395 known as Conway Summit. The summit offers a road turnout for fall color viewing. Possibly this turnout was built with the aesthete and photographer in mind. Sad to say, Conway Summit was “patchy” during our visit. On later years I have found it magnificent.

Next we turned up a side road known as Virginia Lakes. We kept driving to the higher altitudes, where some good views of colorful aspens appeared. Paul and I also turned into the Lundy Lake Road and drove a few miles and found some pleasing groves.

Then we drove south on Highway 395 and took the June Lakes Loop, north of Mammoth Lakes. We saw some patchy color. It would probably be great in a week, but was mediocre during our trip. I have seen it luminous in other years.

We came into Mammoth Lakes, expecting little, but found some lovely fall color right in the town of Mammoth around Twin Lakes. We stayed in Mammoth at the Sierra Nevada Lodge and nourished ourselves at their Rafters restaurant.

Glorious Fall Color in the Bishop Creek Watershed

Our next day, Saturday, would be devoted to see peaking fall color west of Bishop along Bishop Creek and at several high altitude lakes. This is generally the most lovely terrain in most years. West of Bishop is my recommended best place in all of California for fall color.

We left Mammoth at 5:30 a.m., ready to greet the early morning light by 7 a.m. west of Bishop.

Three accessible lakes and the Bishop Creek drainages had impressive and highly photogenic aspens. In the first hour of light, we spent our time at North Lake and enjoyed some vivid fall color with the lake reflections.

Finally, we proceeded to the middle lake, Lake Sabrina, and found gorgeous fall color on the slopes above the lake. From the top of the dam at Lake Sabrina, there is a stunning panorama of aspen extending thousands of feet up the slopes.

Along the stream leaving Lake Sabrina, there were wonderful stops in the first quarter mile, showing golden aspens and the stream. Some aspens were backlit by the late-morning sun.

Parcher’s Resort

Finally, a satisfying time on this trip was the drive into South Lake and a small resort, called Parchers Resort. Most noteworthy, the long creek drainage going to South Lake boasted miles of brilliant aspens, which extended in bands along the slopes of the mountains.

We even happened upon a large group of “plein air” painters attempting to capture the vibrant aspen landscape with oil pigments on their canvases.

Aspen Leaves Fall Color California
Aspen Leaves Fall Color California

There were plenty of tripod-wielding fall foliage photographers in the entire area west of Bishop. It’s surprising how many foreigners as well as Americans appreciate this spectacular Northern California fall color. The Chinese language could be heard frequently.

In short, Bishop Creek was the essential part of our trip not to miss.

How Altitude, Temperature, and Moisture Trigger Fall Color

How and why aspen leaves change color is a beguiling question of science. Leaves of some tree species, including aspen, have green, yellow, and red pigments in them.

In the aspens, as the days grow shorter, photosynthesis, which produces the green pigments, diminishes. That’s when the pigments other than green become more visible.

Also, cool nights, starting at the higher altitudes, prevent the movement of sugar from the leaves, forming a red pigment called anthocyanin.

Enjoying fall color in the aspen leaves is a little like listening to a visual orchestra. Your main responsibility is to kick back to enjoy and appreciate the aesthetic experience.

Understanding the musical score of the chemical science behind fall color may be helpful, but it is not crucial or primary.

We stayed on Saturday night in Bishop, which has plenty of chain lodging and dining options. We lodged at the La Quinta there. Our dining spot was the bowling alley next to La Quinta, named Back Alley Bowl, where the rib-eye steak was a good choice.

Exploring Fall Color in the Rock Creek Drainage

On our drive back to the Bay Area on Sunday, before crossing Yosemite on Highway 120 again, we paused and explored the Rock Creek drainage north of Bishop for colorful aspen. We found some terrific color there, and enjoyed how the remoteness of the area, with minimal other human presence, compared to the crowded terrain west of Bishop. Although we stayed in lodgings, the Rock Creek and the entire Eastern Sierra region has ample and attractive forest service campsites.

Our drive on Sunday took us west up Lee Vining Canyon on Highway 120 to the Tioga Pass and the eastern edge of Yosemite National Park. This return drive made us aware of another major aspect of the fall color hunt. When we drove east along Lee Vining Canyon two days earlier, we were looking east and were not so impressed with the fall color there. However, on our return trip we were driving west, looking west up the canyon. We saw ravishing fall color on both sides of the road and along the creek running down the canyon. Also, two more days had passed to make the rapid progression of autumn colors here more intense.

The hunt for fall color is especially pleasing because the prey, the yellow and red aspen leaves, is not depleted by its capture in your imagination or camera.



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Bring Your Camera

The leaves are there to be enjoyed, if you can locate them. Moreover, it is likely you will want to record them on some kind of camera. Your device might range from casual images taken on your mobile phone to a heavy-duty DSLR camera mounted on a tripod.

However, whether you choose to photograph or not, enjoying the stunning beauty of nature in aspen fall color along California’s Highway 395 is a major life-enhancing experience.

Aspen Leaf Fall Color Along California’s Eastern Sierra Highway 395: If You Go

Several entities have websites useful to the fall color traveler.

Journalist John Poimiroo maintains a website that celebrates fall color all over California. See https://www.californiafallcolor.com/.  Beyond the Eastern Sierra, John and his many followers and fans keep track on the annual pageant from the mountains to the ocean.

A small resort west of Bishop, known as Parcher’s Resort, actively presents local Bishop Creek fall color information for this choice area. See proprietor Jared Smith’s detailed comments at https://www.parchersresort.net/fallcolorreport.

The northern region in this area is Mono County. Their website is at https://www.monocounty.org/.

Mammoth Lakes Tourism is a main lodging/dining support town in this Eastern Sierra area. See their website at https://www.visitmammoth.com/.

Inyo County covers the southern part of this territory, including Bishop. Their website is at http://theothersideofcalifornia.com.

Bishop is the primary city in sparsely-populated Inyo County. Their website is at https://www.bishopvisitor.com/.

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